Waste products from the Group’s activities are disposed of at the locations that are most suitable depending on the type of material, or, when possible, are recycled. Recovery mainly concerns materials which can be:
- reused in construction, as in the case of gypsum and combustion ash;
- regenerated such as oils and batteries;
- recycled such as some types of metal.
The Group policies are oriented at continuously increasing over time the percentage of hazardous and non-hazardous waste sent for recycling.
In 2016 the Enel Group produced a total of 9,144 thousand tons of waste, of which 99% was classified as non-hazardous, down by 14% compared to 2015.
The fall in this value was due to lower use of thermal generation, especially coal, compared to the previous year.The production of coal ash fell by 11%, going from 8 Mt in 2015 to 7.1 Mt in 2016, while that of gypsum from the desulfurization of fuel gasses fell by 23% compared to the previous year (from 1.7 Mt in 2015 to 1.3 Mt in 2016). The waste sent for recycling in the whole scope of Enel was 25.7% of all the waste produced, slightly down on 2015 (27.6%). Enel, as part of its activities in the nuclear field, undertakes to minimize the production of waste from its daily activities, as well as future potential waste from decommissioning. The trend in the quantities of radioactive waste produced depends on the maintenance work and operations to move fuel, and therefore can vary significantly from year to year. This impacts in particular on the specific production of solid high-level radioactive waste at nuclear power plants.
Objectives to 2020
Enel, compared to the data recorded in 2015, has set itself the target of achieving by 2020 the target of reduced waste production of 20% compared to the value for 2015. The target was established on the basis of the results achieved and the planning from the Industrial Plan for the next three years, which will see the mix move towards renewables and a reduction in generation from fossil fuels through a change in the scope of production plant.
|Reduction of SO2 specific emissions||-30% by 2020 (vs. 2010)|
|Reduction of NOx specific emissions||-30% by 2020 (vs. 2010)|
|Reduction of particulates||-70% by 2020 (vs. 2010)|
|Reduction of specific water consumption||-30% by 2020 (vs. 2010)|
|Cabling ratio||74% by 2019|
|Reduction of waste produced||-20% by 2020 (vs. 2015)|
|Implementation of biodiversity plan|
|Continuation of protection of species in the “Red List” of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in the protected areas near plants|
Adoption of a systematic approach to the circular economy in the Group Launch of project to assess circular economy impacts Coherent application of the principles of